Texas A&M Forest Service News http://tfsweb.tamu.edu This is the syndication feed for Texas A&M Forest Service News. Texas A&amp;M Forest Service Confirms Emerald Ash Borer Found in Texas <p> May 23, 2016—COLLEGE STATION, Texas—The invasive emerald ash borer (EAB) beetle that has killed tens of millions of ash trees across the U.S. has been detected in Texas. State and federal agencies are preparing people and communities with information, education and preventative measures to fight the pest. &#160; Ea</p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=24246 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=24246 John Knox Presbyterian Camp receiving assistance from Texas A&amp;M Forest Service <p> May 19, 2016 — WIMBERLEY, Texas — The John Knox Presbyterian Camp will soon be a safer, more ecologically sound property thanks to the help of Texas A&amp;amp;M Forest Service. The agency will complete a habitat improvement and wildland fire fuels reduction project at the end of May. The non-profit camp, like man</p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=24227 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=24227 Fuels reduction project underway for Fair Park <p> &#160; May 13, 2016 — CHILDRESS, Texas — A task force with Texas A&amp;amp;M Forest Service began a hazardous fuels reduction training project which should prove to benefit the citizens of Childress. On May 3, the crew began cleaning up the area surrounding an overgrown section of Fair Park. Work includes thinning smal</p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=24102 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=24102 Wind-driven wildfire in Jeff Davis County contained by Texas A&amp;M Forest Service <p> May 9, 2016—COLLEGE STATION, Texas— Over the weekend a combination of lightning, dry vegetation and elevated temperatures led to a wildfire in Jeff Davis County. The area experienced temperatures in the upper 80s, sustained winds of 15 – 25 mph and low relative humidity. This critical fire weather played a</p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=24080 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=24080 Hilltop Lakes Earns Firewise Designation <p> March 6, 2016 — HILLTOP LAKES, Texas — The Hilltop Lakes community earned the National Fire Protection Association’s Firewise Communities/USA distinction. The recognition came after a cooperative effort with the Hilltop Lakes Volunteer Fire Department, Hilltop Lakes Property Owners Association and Texas A&amp;amp;M F</p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=24046 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=24046 Texas A&amp;M Forest Service supports Soil and Water Stewardship Week <p> April 22, 2016 — COLLEGE STATION, Texas — Texas A&amp;amp;M Forest Service partners with the Association of Texas Soil and Water Conservation Districts, Texas Wildlife Association, Texas and Southwestern Cattle Raisers Association, and Texas State Soil and Water Conservation Board to highlight the importance of voluntary</p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23910 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23910 Funds available for forest thinning through Southern Pine Beetle Prevention Program <p> April 19, 2016 — COLLEGE STATION, Texas — Texas A&amp;M Forest Service is accepting applications for the 2016 Southern Pine Beetle Prevention Program. Through this cost-share program eligible forest landowners can receive financial and technical assistance related to reducing the threat of future SPB infestations and</p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23828 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23828 NWCG meets at TFS to discuss future of wildland fire leadership <p> April 15, 2016 — COLLEGE STATION, Texas — Some of the nation’s brightest and most accomplished leaders in wildland firefighting met this week at Texas A&amp;amp;M Forest Service headquarters to discuss the future of leadership development in the field. Attendees were all members of the National Wildfire Coordinating </p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23722 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23722 Texas A&amp;M Forest Service employee honored for fire prevention <p> April 12, 2016 — COLLEGE STATION, Texas — Texas A&amp;amp;M Forest Service Firewise Coordinator Nick Harrison received the 2015 USDA Forest Service Robert E. Browning Jr. Award for his efforts in wildfire prevention, March 23. &#160; The award is in memory of Browning, a southern wildland firefighter who gave hi</p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23689 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23689 METEOROLOGIST ALERT: Elevated and critical fire weather expected in Texas Plains <p> March 28, 2016 — AMARILLO, Texas — Critical fire weather conditions will be present over the Texas Plains region Tuesday and Wednesday. The National Weather Service Storm Prediction Center has issued an alert putting far western portions of the state in the “critical” and “elevated” categories for wi</p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23558 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23558 METEOROLOGIST ALERT: Extremely critical fire weather expected for the Panhandle <p> March 22, 2016 — LUBBOCK, Texas — Escalated fire weather conditions will be present over the Texas Plains region Tuesday and Wednesday. The Storm Prediction Center&#160;has issued an alert putting parts of the Panhandle in the “extremely critical” and “elevated” categories for wildfire potential. The areas of concern</p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23543 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23543 Austin, TX gets first-ever urban forest assessment <p> AUSTIN, TX – The U.S. Forest Service published the first-ever urban forest assessment—citing the composition and health of the Austin, Texas urban forest, the benefits it provides, and documenting the contributions trees make to the&#160; environment, economy and the well-being of the community’s residents. Texas A&amp;M</p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23475 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23475 Interactive 3D wildfire simulation presentation for Montgomery County <p> March 8, 2016 — COLLEGE STATION, Texas — Want to learn how your community can manage a wildfire incident? The newest learning tool in wildland fire and all-hazard management is set to be showcased at Lone Star College-Montgomery in the Woodlands. Simtable uses geographic data and a variety of colorful and interact</p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23457 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23457 Conservation program offers financial assistance to landowners <p> Conservation program offers financial assistance to landowners Funding is now available for East Texas landowners to help keep Texas forests healthy. The Environmental Quality Incentives Program provides financial assistance to property owners for conducting specific land conservation practices. Conserv</p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23473 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23473 Extremely critical fire weather expected for the Panhandle <p> Feb. 17, 2016 — LUBBOCK, Texas — Portions of Northwestern Texas could see active wildfire weather this afternoon and tomorrow. The Storm Prediction Center has issued an alert putting parts of the Panhandle in the “extremely critical” and “critical” categories for wildfire potential. “Recent moistur</p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23359 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23359 Texas 4-H center, Texas A&amp;M Forest Service collaborate to improve facility safety <p> Feb. 12, 2016 – LAKE BROWNWOOD – The Texas 4-H Conference Center at Lake Brownwood is now an even safer place to visit and hold events thanks to Texas A&amp;amp;M Forest Service, said center director Mark Carroll. Carroll said the center, which is run by the Texas A&amp;amp;M AgriLife Extension Service, is a 78-acre site on</p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23351 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23351 Camp Bowie hosts 15th annual wildfire academy <p> Feb. 4, 2016 — BROWNWOOD, Texas — Firefighters dedicated to protecting lives and property will converge at the Central Texas Wildfire Academy at Camp Bowie, Texas in preparation for the 2016 wildfire season. In an effort to enhance skills and learn new firefighting techniques, responders from across the country w</p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23330 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23330 Texas A&amp;M Forest Service crowns big tree champions in Big Bend Ranch State Park <p> Feb. 1, 2016 — COLLEGE STATION, Texas — Two Mexican blue oaks in Big Bend Ranch State Park were recently confirmed by Texas A&amp;amp;M Forest Service to be the largest of their kind in the state. Located in a remote canyon in the middle of the park, the trees are on the latest edition of the Texas Big Tree Registry, a</p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23287 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23287 High impact fire weather expected in South Plains <p> Feb. 1, 2016 — LUBBOCK, Texas — A drying trend in the South Plains may present the most active fire weather in Texas so far this year. “The most important thing to take note of is that this is the fourth consecutive day of high temperatures, which dries out fuels in these areas creating significant fire potential</p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23285 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23285 Elevated fire weather expected through Monday in Northwestern Texas <p> Jan. 29, 2016 — LUBBOCK, Texas — Increased fire potential is expected in Northwestern Texas today through Monday due to above normal temperatures, moderate wind speeds and low relative humidity. “Strong winds on Monday will be a concern as they follow on the heels of three days of strong drying. Initial attack ac</p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23283 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23283 Texas wildfire handcrew receives honorable mention in national challenge <p> Jan. 26, 2016 — COLLEGE STATION, Texas — The Lone Star State Type II Initial Attack Crew from Texas A&amp;amp;M Forest Service recently received honorable mention in the 2015 IGNITE the Spark for Leadership Award for its commitment to developing leaders. The award recognizes leadership development efforts within</p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23224 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23224 Annual workshop to highlight tax law changes for forest landowners(1) <p> Jan. 20, 2016—LUFKIN, Texas—Did you know that timber tax laws have changed due to the new tax law passed by Congress in December 2015? An upcoming workshop aims to keep forest landowners and other professionals informed on the latest updates to tax laws regarding timberland properties. Knowing the tax laws gives lan</p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23218 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23218 Elevated fire weather expected Sunday in Lubbock <p> Jan. 22, 2016&#160;—&#160;&#160;LUBBOCK, Texas — Elevated fire potential is expected in the western Plains Sunday due to above normal temperatures, high wind speeds and low relative humidity. The National Weather Service forecasts increased wind speeds which can lead to potential wildfire occurrences in areas with abundant</p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23214 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23214 Employee honored with Vice Chancellor’s Award in Excellence for Public Service in Forestry <p> Jan. 14, 2016—COLLEGE STATION, Texas— Providing leadership and service to Texans in all areas of forestry earned an 18-year Texas A&amp;amp;M Forest Service employee the honor of receiving the Vice Chancellor’s Award in Excellence for Public Service in Forestry Thursday. Central Texas Operations Department Head Jim Roon</p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23195 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23195 Additional funds available for prescribed burning near Sam Houston National Forest <p> Jan. 13, 2016 — COLLEGE STATION, Texas — The Joint Chiefs’ Landscape Restoration Partnership is providing $60,000 to landowners near the Sam Houston National Forest for prescribed burning. The funds reimburse eligible landowners who have taken measures to reduce grass and brush, enhance ecosystems and pro</p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23180 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23180 New partnership provides funds to landowners who improve forest health <p> &#160; Jan. 7, 2016 — COLLEGE STATION, Texas — Funds are now available for forest landowners near the Sam Houston National Forest through the Joint Chiefs’ Landscape Restoration Partnership. This partnership between USDA Forest Service, Natural Resources Conservation Service and Texas A&amp;amp;M Forest Service looks </p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23159 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23159 Texas A&amp;M Forest Service issues winter outlook and fire safety tips <p> &#160; Dec. 16, 2015 — COLLEGE STATION, Texas — A wet winter may be in store, but the threat of wildfire still exists.&#160; The current El Niño conditions drop the threat of wildfire to below normal, however Texas A&amp;amp;M Forest Service urges caution this holiday season. “Fireworks and outdoor fires are usually ass</p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23105 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23105 Forester honored by Texas A&amp;M University System <p> Nov. 25, 2015 — COLLEGE STATION, Texas — Texas A&amp;M Forest Service Associate Director William E. Oates has been recognized as a Texas A&amp;M University System Regents Fellow Service Award recipient for 2014–2015. The Regents Fellow Service Awards program was established in 1998 and the Regents Professor Aw</p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23003 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23003 Houston East End Greenbelt-Green Ambassadors awarded highest USDA honor <p> Nov. 24, 201 5 — HOUSTON, Texas — Going green can change the world; one community at a time. The mission to spread this message brought national recognition to the Green Ambassadors and Texas A&amp;amp;M Forest Service. Earlier this month, Green Ambassadors from the Latino Legacy program working on the Houston </p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23001 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=23001 Elevated fire danger this afternoon in the Panhandle <p> Nov. 23, 2015 — AMARILLO, Texas — Elevated fire danger is expected in the Panhandle Monday and Tuesday due to above normal temperatures and low relative humidity. &#160; According to the National Weather Service, southwest winds will sustain at 15 – 20 mph, with gusts up to 25 mph. Affected counties include </p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=22990 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=22990 ATTENTION METEOROLOGISTS: Dry cold front brings heightened wildfire potential <p> Nov. 9, 2015 — AMARILLO, Texas —The West Texas Plains is on alert Tuesday and Wednesday as a dry front moves over abundant, dry grasses increasing the potential for wildfires. &#160; According to the National Weather Service, a dry cold front will approach and cross&#160;the West Texas Plains over the next two days brin</p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=22858 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=22858 Texans celebrate Arbor Day at Bush Presidential Library and Museum <p> Nov. 6, 2015 — COLLEGE STATION, Texas — Texans from across the state gathered today to honor all of the ways trees enrich lives and stabilize the environment during the State Arbor Day celebration at the George Bush Presidential Library and Museum in College Station. The festivities closed out a year-long celebratio</p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=22856 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=22856 Hidden Pines Fire Impacts Buescher and Bastrop State Parks <p> <span id="ctl00_ContentPlaceHolder1_landingPageContent">Texas A&amp;M Forest Service surveyed the 2,312 acres of the Hidden Pines Fire that burned outside the 2011 Bastrop County Complex fire boundary. This area encompasses part of Buescher State Park, private and public property. The state agency estimates that 143,000 out of 233,000 trees were killed in this area, including those likely to die as a result of the wildfire. This translates into a potential $1.8 million loss in ecosystem services — a value placed on the annual social, economic and environmental benefits the trees provided the area before the fire.</span></p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=22827 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=22827 Texas signs Good Neighbor Authority to keep our forests healthy <p> Nov.&#160;2, 2015 — COLLEGE STATION, Texas — Taking care of America’s lands and natural resources is a big job. No single organization can do it alone. Knowing that we are stronger together — the USDA Forest Service has entered into a Good Neighbor Authority agreement with Texas A&amp;amp;M Forest Service to help conserve, </p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=22790 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=22790 Texas A&amp;M Forest Service incident management team mobilizes in response to rain and floods The Texas Division of Emergency Management has requested Texas A&amp;M Forest Service assemble and lead an incident management team in response to&#160; heavy rainfall and potential flooding conditions in Hays County. http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=22764 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=22764 Dallas tree climber proves he is the best in North America <p> International Society of Arboriculture Texas Chapter Steve Houser, shouser@arborilogical.com , 972-877-0361 John Giedraitis, Exec. Dir., ISAT, jpg@isatexas.com , 979-324-1929&#160;&#160; &#160; Oct. 30, 2015 — DALLAS, Texas — Dallas area tree climber Miguel Pastenes took top honors at the North American Tree Cl</p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=22788 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=22788 Texas A&amp;M Forest Service awards $15.7 million in grant funds to volunteer fire departments <p> Oct. 29, 2015 — COLLEGE STATION, Texas — Intense wildfire seasons and life-altering emergencies call for better equipment and more training for our firefighters on the frontline. With over 85 percent of Texas fire departments being operated by volunteers, funding for essential equipment and training can be hard to c</p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=22762 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=22762 Texas claims first-ever Forest Stewardship Forester of the Year <p> Oct. 29, 2015 — COLLEGE STATION, Texas — National recognition was given to Texas A&amp;amp;M Forest Service District Forester Russell Lykins for his work in and service to Texas landowners in Cass and Marion counties. Lykins was presented the National Forest Stewardship Forester of the Year award at the National Fore</p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=22758 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=22758 State agency celebrates 100 years while honoring employees at annual meeting <p> Oct. 27, 2015 — COLLEGE STATION, Texas — Over 500 Texas A&amp;amp;M Forest Service employees came together Tuesday to celebrate the agency’s centennial year and one another. The agency’s annual personnel meeting was held at the George Bush Presidential Library and Museum giving all employees the opportunity to view the </p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=22751 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=22751 Texas A&amp;M Forest Service celebrates 100 years of service with 100 trees to 100 communities <p> Oct. 19, 2015 — COLLEGE STATION, Texas — One hundred communities across Texas are receiving a special delivery of 100 trees in honor of Texas A&amp;M Forest Service’s centennial year, capping off a full year of celebrating the agency’s commitment to conserve and protect Texas’ trees and forests. Aiming to help </p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=22662 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=22662 Firefighters from across Texas mobilize to fight wildfires Firefighters and apparatus from across the state mobilized to assist with fighting fire and protecting homes in Bastrop County on the Hidden Pines Fire that ignited last Tuesday.<br /><br /> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=22660 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=22660 Texas A&amp;M Forest Service calls in DC-10 to help fight wildfire <p> Oct. 15, 2015&#160; — &#160; COLLEGE STATION, Texas — Texas A&amp;M Forest Service has called in a DC-10 air tanker to help battle the wildfire raging through Bastrop County. The tanker can drop close to 12,000 gallons of retardant at a time, spreading a swath three-quarters of a mile long and 500 feet wide. It is al</p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=22651 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=22651 Tree care professionals honored at Texas Tree Conference <p> Oct. 7, 2015 – WACO, Texas – Caring for Texas’ trees takes hard work and dedication. At this year’s Texas Tree Conference over a thousand tree care professionals gathered in Waco to learn from national leaders in research, commercial and utility arboriculture and urban forestry. &#160; “It is an incredible le</p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=22635 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=22635 One Day 4-H project to celebrate Texas A&amp;M Forest Service centennial <p> COLLEGE STATION – This year as part of National 4-H Week and One Day 4-H, the Texas 4-H Youth Development Program will partner with the Texas A&amp;amp;M Forest Service to help celebrate that agency’s 100th anniversary of protecting the citizens of Texas and the country. Each year, National 4-H Week is held so loc</p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=22559 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=22559 Texas A&amp;M Forest Service employee receives national communications award <p> Sept. 17, 2015 — COLLEGE STATION, Texas — Texas A&amp;amp;M Forest Service Communications Manager Linda Moon received the National Association of State Foresters’ Austin Short Current Achievement Award for Communications at the NASF conference this week in Lake Tahoe, California. &#160; In order to be considered, </p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=22533 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=22533 Wildfire thwarted by county preparations <p> Sept. 16, 2015—BASTROP, Texas— Bastrop is no stranger to the dangers and devastation that wildfire can bring to a community. O ne&#160;weekend proved how reducing overgrown vegetation and implementing other mitigating efforts can decrease the severity of wildfires—potentially saving a community from a destructive fir</p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=22528 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=22528 Prescribed fire workshop planned for East Texas residents <p> Sept. 17, 2015 — SHEPHERD, Texas — Texas A&amp;amp;M Forest Service will host a workshop called Managing Land and Vegetation in Southeast Texas. The workshop covers how using prescribed fire and fuel reduction treatments can reduce the risk of wildfire. Landowners also have the chance to learn about the science </p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=22530 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=22530 Grant funds available for prescribed burning <p> August 20, 2015&#160; — COLLEGE STATION, Texas&#160; — &#160;East Texas landowners may now be reimbursed for helping to reduce overgrown vegetation on their lands. In an effort to reduce wildfire hazards on private property, Texas A&amp;amp;M Forest Service is offering grants to conduct prescribed burning. Strategically-planne</p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=22375 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=22375 Texas A&amp;M Forest Service to host workshop on re-establishing landscape in Bastrop <p> July 28, 2015—LA GRANGE, Texas—The wildfires of 2011 caused significant destruction throughout Bastrop County. Residents may now wonder what can be done to reclaim the beauty of the landscape. This question can be answered during Texas A&amp;M Forest Service’s landowner workshop. Attendees will learn how </p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=22230 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=22230 Landowner workshop planned for Lufkin, Overton <p> July 22, 2015 – LUFKIN, Texas – Texas A&amp;M Forest Service and Texas Forestry Association are offering a free workshop next month for landowners, foresters and others in the Texas forest sector. Topics include: How to identify the current health of your woodlands; easy-to-follow recipes for increasing woodland hea</p> http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=22214 http://tfsweb.tamu.edu/content/article.aspx?id=22214